1. Vatican City
Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, also known as Holy See. Officially known as the State of Vatican City or Vatican City State, this place is smallest by both population and area. It is in the capital city Rome, which is the one of the best tourist destination in Italy.
- Vatican City is a country within the surrounding of the capital of Italy, Rome.
- It has the total area of 0.44 km², where only about 850 people reside and 450 have citizenship of the country.
- St. Peter's Basilica, the world's largest church is located at the Vatican City. It covers the total area of 15160 square meters.
- Over one billion of Roman Catholic Church members deliberately make a contribution here which is one of the sources of income.
- Citizenship of the Vatican City is provided on the basis of assurance of appointment to work in certain service.
Monaco is second in the list of the world smallest country. It is a petite independent city-state located on France's Mediterranean coastline. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea from one side and France on three sides.
- Monaco has the total population of 38, 499 as per the census of 2016. The total GDP per capita and gross domestic product as per 2011 are $162,009.88 and $6.075 billion.
- There is only one municipality in this country, for this reason, it is called both a city and Independent Nation.
- Monaco is known as the service industry of gambling and luxurious goods. Many richest have made this state as their square of luxury.
- World's highest numbers of billionaires and millionaires have their home and investment in Monaco.
- The Casino de Monte-Carlo which is the most famous spot for tourist was opened in 1863 which is 154 years ago. However, the natives are not permitted to visit casinos for gambling.
The Republic of Nauru is an island in Micronesia in the Central Pacific. It was formerly known as Pleasant Island. It was first discovered in 1798 by a British later it was united by Germany in 1888. It became a free country in the year 1968 and is also the member of UN.
- Nauru, the island country, is oval in shape which is situated about 53 kilometers to the south of the Equator.
- It is the world's smallest independent republic which joined the UN in the year 1999. However, it's the origin of Nauruans' language is not yet confirmed.
- Nauru is on the list of the country having the most obese people in the world, as per a data the rate of men and women suffering from overweight is 97% and 93% respectively.
- The high number of people in Nauru suffer from diabetes problem, over 40% are the victim of this illness.
- Citizens are not provided the proper employment opportunities. Only 10% people work as government officials and 90% are unemployed.
Tuvalu is a country in Oceania to the South Pacific. It has got fascinating natural views of landscape and waterscape. This small country is most famous for its artworks, legends, music, and architecture. However, due to the rise in sea level, it is always at risk.
- There is total of three reef islands and other six true atolls. They are small and scattered in the area of 26 square kilometers.
- This country is not only smallest according to its area and density it is also considered to be smallest as per it GDP.
- Regarding education in Tuvalu gives free education for children between 6 to 15 years. There is a primary school Motufoua Secondary School located in Vaitupu.
- Visitors to this country come especially for business purposes, there were only 2000 visitors in 2010 in Tuvalu.
- The total number of the population here is 11,097 and the GDP per capita is 3,083 USD.
5. San Marino
San Marino, also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino, is a country in Europe surrounded by Italy. In the context of Europe is the third smallest country. Even though residing in the part of Europe its currency is not euro and neither is the member of the European Union.
- San Marino, the fifth smallest country, has the total area of 61 square kilometers.
- This country is said to be the oldest of the sovereign state in the world which was found in 301 A.D.
- There are nine municipalities that build this country where over 33, 300 people reside. Those people are called Sammarinese.
- San Marino still has the earliest written constitution, it is governed by Leges Statutae Republicae Sancti Marini which is a series of six books in the Latin language.
- It became the member of the Council of Europe in 1988 and the UN in 1992.
The Principality of Liechtenstein is landlocked country surrounded by Austria and Switzerland. This doubly landlocked country is a microstate in the Central Europe. It is the country known as the country of highest false teeth manufacturer.
- Liechtenstein is one of the countries having the world's highest gross domestic products per person.
- The crime rate of Liechtenstein is very minimal. As per a statement made in 2007, the last murder that took place in this country was "about ten years ago".
- The fun thing about this country is the 'His Serene Highness Prince Hans-Adam II and the other royal members invite the resident to the palace for a beer once in a year.
- Even though the official language of people is German most people speak an Alemannic dialect.
- Liechtenstein was purchased by the current prince of Liechtenstein for its political value.
7. Marshall Islands
The Republic of the Marshall Islands is the seventh smallest country in the world which is in the central Pacific Ocean. It has two archipelagic chains having the total number of 29 atolls in the Oceania. It was the former colony of America.
- The Marshall Islands has the total area of 181.43 square kilometers and the total population is 53,066 as per 2016.
- This country got its independence from the United States of America in 1979. It was also occupied by other nations like Japan, Spain, Britain, and German.
- We can find over 800 species of marine animals and 160 coral in the islands. It has made the largest sanctuary for sharks to protect them.
- People living there use U.S dollars and speak Marshallese and English.
- Tourists visit the Marshall Islands for its finest snorkeling and scuba diving.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis are two beautiful islands located in the Caribbean. The Saint Kitts island was previously called 'Liamuiga' which is 'fertile land' in the English language. The capital city of this country is Basseterre.
- The Saint Kitts and Nevis was firstly explored by Christopher Columbus in the year 1498.
- This twin-island covers the total area of 261 square kilometers and has the total population of 54,821 people as per 2016.
- People of Saint Kitts and Nevis are fond of cricket, there is a modern stadium where people visit to see international matches.
- St. Kitts is said to be formed by volcanoes, visiting the land we can see the tallest Mount Liamugia which is 3,792 ft.
- It is the still known as the Sugar city, in past, it was the highest sugarcane exporting country.
Maldives is one of the most loved tourist destinations, it is located in the Indian Ocean. This country is the ninth smallest in the world whereas the first smallest country.
- Maldives has the total population of 3, 93,500 and the area of 298 square kilometers.
- Two hundred of islands in Maldives are inhabited, it is said that people have been staying in this land since the 5th century.
- Maldives was the ruled by different nations like Dutch, British, and Portuguese. This country finally got its independent in the year 1965.
- Majority of islands belonging to Maldives are only 1.5 meters above the sea level.
- The best thing about being in Maldives is its white-sand, colorful marine life, beaches and its turquoise water.
The Republic of Malta is another island country which is on this list. It is located in the Mediterranean Sea and Malta is one of the seven islands. The three islands: Gozo, Comino, and Malta are the largest islands in Malta. It is one of the best tourist destinations, over one million tourist visit Malta every year.
- Malta has inhabited 436,947 people in its total land area of 316 square kilometers.
- It is a very popular destination because of its richness in appealing beaches, sunny weather, nightlife, and services.
- It has still maintained seven historically valuable temples built back in 3600 B.C – 700 B.C.
- Malta got its independence in the year 1964. Emperors like French, Phoenicians, British, Sicilians and others rule this country.
- The main languages of Malta are Maltese and English whereas the currency is Euro.