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The natural disaster has never done good to anyone, it has taken thousands even millions of lives. People and nation have to face property damage and loss which greatly effects to the economic growth of the country.

There are many natural disasters that the world's citizens have faced, the 'worst' of the disasters are categories as per the destructions it has made. Here are some of the worst earthquakes, tsunami, floods, hurricanes, and cyclones recorded till date.

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1. Hurricane Harvey 2017

Hurricane Harvey was recorded as one of the most destructive Atlantic hurricanes of 2017 in American soil since Wilma in 2005. Within four days, almost 100 cm rainfall occurred in most of the areas. However, slowly and gradually, it strolled over eastern Texas.

As a result, it leads to catastrophic flooding. Hurricane Harvey was the recorded as the wettest in the history of United States.

With the extreme hit of Hurricane Harvey damaged around $180 billion. Almost 203,000 of people became homeless and more than 17,000 people were rescued. In total, 90 people were killed, 89 in the United States and 1 in Guyana.

2. Hurricane Irma 2017

Hurricane Irma was extremely destructive and catastrophic. It’s Cape Verde type hurricane and one of the strongest in term of maximum sustained wind.

Hurricane Irma was listed as the most intense Atlantic hurricane since Katrina. On August 30, 2017, Irma activated near the Cape Verde Islands. Prior to that, it moved to African coast from tropical wave.

With the rapid intensified it formed category 2 hurricane. However, it became category 3 hurricane within 24 hours. For several next days, it varied in between category 2 and 3 and slowly became category 5 hurricane.

It’s the second most intense cyclone and with 185mph wind and 914hPa pressure. Hurricane caused catastrophic damage in Barbuda, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Martin, Anguilla and the Virgin Islands. It caused 134 deaths and overall destruction was around $ 100billion.

3. 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

On 26 December 2004, Sumatra, Indonesia suffered 9.1 magnitude earthquakes. The Earthquake extremely shook undersea megathrust when the Burma plate subducted Indian Plate. Eventually, the collision triggered devastating Tsunamis in the coast of Indian Ocean.

It’s recorded as the third-largest earthquake ever measured on the seismograph and remained for in-between 8.3 and 10 minutes. Not only Tsunami, it also triggered the earthquake in Alaska. Its actual epicenter was between mainland Indonesia and Simeulue.

Indonesia suffered the most followed by Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and ten other countries. It killed 230,000 – 280,000 people from 14 different countries.

Hundred thousands of peoples became homeless. The whole responded during the catastrophe. As a result, the worldwide community donated $14 billion in Humanitarian aid for the welfare of suffering people.

The subsequent Tsunami has been recalled with several names such as South Asian Tsunami, Indonesian tsunami, the Boxing Day tsunami and the Christmas tsunami.

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4. 2011 Tōhoku Earthquake and Tsunami

On March 11, 2011, Japan suffered 9.1 magnitudes underwater megathrust earthquake. It was Japan’s most powerful earthquake ever recorded and fourth most powerful after 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.

Eventually, it triggered the Tsunami waves with the height of 40.5 meters and traveled almost 10 km inland. After World War II, this was the toughest time for Japan that leads to electricity and water crisis.

According to Japanese National Police Agency, Almost 15,894 people died, 6156 were injured and 2,546 were missing. Total of 127, 290 building totally collapsed and 272,788 half collapsed and 747, 989 were damaged.  

In the beginning, the insured loss was around $14.5 to $34.6billion. However, the World Bank estimated cost economic cost was around $235billion. To settle down the market, the Bank of Japan offered $183 billion. It was the costliest natural disaster in the history.

5. 1954 Yangtze River floods

In 1954, Hubei Province faced the series of catastrophic flooding from the Yangtze River. Due to the extreme long rainy season and heavy rainfall, the water level in the Yangtze River raised above its normal level during late June.

The then government did several attempted and made an effort to open three most important gates to divert the water. But the water level continued to rise. Eventually, it hit the historic high of 44.67 mm in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 mm in Wuhan

In total 33,000 people were killed. This data includes the people who died of plague after the disaster occurred.

Prior to that, China suffered flood in 1931, where 145,000 to 4,000,000 people were killed. The estimated loss was around $4 million.  

6. 1970 Bhola Cyclone

In 1970, the then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and India's West Bengal was hit by a devastating tropical cyclone. It is recorded as the deadliest tropical cyclone in the history.

The cyclone traveled with the winds of 185 km/h making a landfall on the coast of the then East Pakistan. The catastrophic storm wiped out villages and destroyed crops.

No people survived in 13 islands near Chittagong. The crops of Bhola Island and Hatia Island were totally destroyed. The cyclone brought heavy rain to Andaman and Nicobar Island that leads to a number of floods.

Upazila, Tazumuddin was mostly effected over 45% of the population was killed. Reports claim that up to 500,000 people lost their lives in the storm. Over 3.6 million people were affected by the deadliest cyclone and extreme storm made the damage of $86.4million.

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7. 2015 Nepal earthquake

April 25, 2015, is reminisced as the black day in the history of Nepal. On this day, Nepal heavily suffered from 7.8 magnitudes or 8.1 magnitude earthquake.  After the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake, it is considered as the worst disaster that hit Nepalese soil.

Not only Barpak, the earthquake also triggered an avalanche on Mount Everest, killing 21 people. Besides that, it occurs another avalanche in Langtang valley.

Old monuments listed at UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Kathmandu Valley were also destroyed that includes Kathmandu Durbar Square, the Patan Durbar Square, the Bhaktapur Durbar Square, the Changu Narayan Temple, the Boudhanath stupa and the Swayambhunath Stupa.

Hundreds of thousands of people became homeless. Nearly 9,000 people were killed and 22,000 were injured. The estimated damage was around $10 billion.

17 days later, Nepal suffered major aftershock of 7.3 Magnitude, where more than 200 were killed and around 2,500 were injured.

8. 1976 Tangshan Earthquake

The 1976 Tangshan earthquake, also called the Great Tangshan earthquake was a deadliest natural disaster of the 20th century. Its epicenter was near Tangshan in Hebei, the People's Republic of China. It was the 2nd or 3rd deadliest earthquake of modern history.

The earthquake occurred with 7.8 or 8.2 magnitudes and lasted 14 to 16 seconds. Tangshan is an industrial city with one million people. The earthquake hit at 4 a.m. So people didn’t get time to rescue themselves. As a result, Hundreds of thousands of people lost their life. Hundreds of thousands of people became homeless. As per the Chinese 655,000 were killed. However, another report stated that 650,000 were killed.

Just 16 hours later, Aftershock of 7.1 magnitudes hit China, where 255,000 were killed. It was due to the collision of Amurian Plate and Eurasian Plate that produced tectonic force. The total economic loss was around 10 billion Yuan.

9. 2011 Christchurch earthquake

On 22 February 2011, Christchurch was hit by 6.3 magnitude earthquake at 12:51 P.M. its epicenter was 2 Kilometer west of the port town of Lyttelton. It damaged the New Zealand's second-most populated city.

Christchurch and eastern suburbs were heavily affected, where all the building flattened. Actually, its infrastructure was already weakened by the magnitude 7.1 earthquake in 2010.

The disastrous earthquake was felt around the southern Island and different part of lower and central North Island. Even though, the earthquake only lasted for 10 seconds. It occurs a huge loss of life and property. After the loss of huge lives, the city automatically falls behind the 3rd most populated city.

It killed almost 185 people and 164 were injured and 238 were missing. It was recorded as the country’s fifth deadliest natural disaster. The estimated damaged incurred was around $16billion.

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10. 1992 Hurricane Andrew

The Bahamas and Florida suffered from Category 5 Atlantic hurricane Andrew in 1992. It was the deadliest to hit the state and costliest also. Hurricane Katrina surpassed it in 2005.

In Florida only, 44 were killed. In Louisiana, it damaged several oil platforms that cause the loss $500 million. 230,000 people were left without electricity. Around 85% of trees were drowned in the Atchafalaya River Basin.

Southern Florida was heavily destroyed by the wind of 165 mph. In total, it flattened almost 63,500 houses and damages and 124,000. The estimated loss was around 26.5billion. Not only that, 65 people were killed as well.

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