The giraffe is the tallest of all land animals. It has a relatively short body but an extremely long neck which allows it to reach the leaves and vegetations on top of trees.
Giraffe Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Giraffa
- Height: 5-6 m (Male), 4.6 m (Female)
- Weight: 1200 Kg (Male), 830 Kg (Female)
- Life Span: About 25 Years
- Habitats: Savanna, Grasslands, Woodlands
- Fun Facts: Giraffe can run at a speed of 56 km per hour which is 12 km per hour more than of human.
Most animals cannot get to this same vegetation, especially herbivores. Despite its length, the giraffe’s neck has the same number of bones as other hoofed mammals, only that the bones are much longer.
To complement its long neck, the giraffe also has long eyes. These come in handy for vision as the giraffe can spot predators a long way off.
These animals are found in Sub-Saharan Africa and to the south as well. Although each of the animals is spotted, the spotting is unique.
To tell the difference between male and female giraffes, you can look at the ossicones which are the knobs on the giraffes’ heads.
The females have smaller knobs covered in some fur while the male ones have bald knobs. In addition to this, the males are much heavier and taller than their female counterparts.
Gazelles are relatively small mammals that are found in grasslands. They feed in these areas and are therefore prone to attack from predators.
Gazelle Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Gazella granti
- Length: 70-90 cm
- Height: 60-90 cm at the shoulder
- Weight: 12-85 Kg
- Life Span: 12 Years
- Habitats: Grassy Plains (Africa)
- Fun Facts: Gazelle, the name is derived from the word “Gazal” which means love poem in Arabic.
However, these agile animals are able to outrun many predators and can even avoid cheetahs if they slow down enough to break the cheetah’s sprint.
There are two main types of gazelles. They are the Thompson gazelle and Grant’s gazelle. Both have a tawny color with white and brown markings on their bodies.
The only major difference is usually in their size as the Thompson gazelle is smaller. These animals have a stotting movement as part of their defense mechanism.
This type of movement can be referred to as bouncing around. It is supposed to chow predators that they are fit an agile and so pursuing them will resort to nothing since they cannot catch up.
It is also considered as a way to warn other gazelles of a predator.
3. Grizzly Bear
Grizzly bears are omnivorous bears that are predominantly found in North America. They are mostly brown in color but their coats range from a light cream to a black color.
Grizzly Bear Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Ursus Arctos Horribilis
- Length: 2 m
- Height: 2.1 m-3 m
- Weight: 160-225 kg
- Life Span: 15-25 years
- Habitats: Forest and Mountainous Regions
- Fun Facts: According to animal experts, Grizzly Bear give birth in their sleep.
They are known as an ‘umbrella species’ because they can stay in different habitats and they play a role in each of these habitats.
These bears are solitary in nature although they are not territorial. You can find them feeding in the same stream as long as the food is in abundance.
They eat fruits, berries, shoots, fish and deer to name but a few things. Additionally, the females rear their cubs for two or three years before they let them go off on their own.
Towards the end of summer, the grizzly bears enter hyperphagia. During this time, they increase their calorie intake drastically and can gain up to three pounds a day.
This is necessary as it prepares the bears for winter during which they will not have access to a lot of food.
Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera. These insects come in various colors. Some are green, others olive while others are brown.
Grasshopper Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Caelifera
- Size: 38-50mm (1.5-2in)
- Average Lifespan: 1 year
- Color: Green, Yellow, Brown
- Habitats: Field and Meadows
- Fun Facts: There are almost 11,000 spices of grasshopper in the world.
They have compound eyes as well as normal eyes and each of these has its peculiar use. The compound eyes are for vision while the simple eyes perceive changes in light.
The insects are herbivores so they feed on greenery and plants. Some of these insects actually have an ecological role to play in crop rearing.
However, most of them have destructive behavior and should thus be dealt with if you are trying to grow your plants to maturity without damage.
Another interesting fact about these grasshoppers is that they perceive smell through their antennae. They also perceive touch through different parts of the body.
In addition to this, some people treat grasshoppers as delicacies. They are roasted, dried, ground into a meal or dipped in honey for consumption.
The Gnu is also known as the wildebeest, which is the Afrikaans name for ‘wild beast.’ This animal has various characteristics such as the horns of a buffalo, the head of an ox and the mane of a horse.
Gnu Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Connochaetes
- Length: 111 to 121 cm
- Height: 1.3-1.5m at Shoulder
- Weight: 140 to 280 kg
- Span: 20 years
- Habitats: Plains and open woodlands
- Fun Facts: Gnu migrates almost one hundred miles in search of food, water, and grass. Also, Male Gnu is known as Bull where Female is known as a cow.
They are also popular for their short muzzle which allows them to feed on the short grass found in plains. The Gnu is found in parts of southern and east Africa. One of the eight wonders of the world is actually the migration of the land mammals after the rainy season. The stamping of their hooves actually stimulates grass growth as opposed to destroying it.
Gnus sleep on the ground in multiple rows. This provides them with enough space in case they need to run as well as the numbers required for protection in case there is a predator.
Another interesting fact about these mammals is that their young ones are born at the beginning of the rainy season and they can stand and run within three to seven minutes after they are born.
Geckos are a species of lizards under the infraorder Gekkota. They make up a large part of the lizard species.
Gecko Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Eublepharis macularius
- Size: 1.6 to 60 cm
- Average Lifespan: 10 to 20 years
- Color: Mostly Brown and Gray
- Habitats: Rocky, dry grassland and desert regions
- Fun Facts: As like other animals they have eyelids which assist them to close their eyes during sleep.
These animals are nocturnal and have an iris that enlarges, making their eyes up to 350 more sensitives to light when compared to humans.
This is why you will likely come across a gecko in the wee hours of the night. Geckos do not have eyelids so that they cannot blink.
Instead, they have a colorless membrane which protects their eyes. From time to time, you can see a gecko licking their eyes.
This is necessary to clean them and is probably not painful. The fact that they lick their eyes supports this, otherwise, they would not.
These lizards have an interest defense mechanism which involves losing their tail. For most species, you have to touch the tail for it to come off.
However, there are species which can dispose of the tail at will. After a while, the geckos come to check whether the tail is still there. If it is, they eat it.
Goldfish are some of the most popular freshwater fish that are also kept in aquariums and fish bowls. These fish are relatively small, at about 15 centimeters.
Goldfish Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Carassius auratus
- Size: 10.16 cm
- Average Lifespan: 10-15 years
- Color: Soft yellows, Reds, and Pale Orange.
- Habitats: Slow moving Fresh Waters
- Fun Facts: The funny thing is that they do not have eyelids so they sleep with their eyes open.
This is only true when the fish are kept in a small environment. However, they can grow up to a foot long in the right environment.
These fish are quite colorful and interbreeding by humans has led to a wider variety of colors.
Coincidentally, these fish are also able to distinguish between many colors since they can also see an ultra-violet and infrared light.
The funny thing is that they do not have eyelids so they sleep with their eyes open. Goldfish are adorable and many children like to have them as pets.
Many of them seem to die after a short period of time but that is only because they are not taken care of properly.
With the right care, these fish can live up to 45 years.
Gorillas are herbivorous apes that dwell on the ground.These animals are different from monkeys in that they are larger, have bigger and more developed brains and also walk on their hind limbs for a longer period of time.
Gorilla Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Gorilla
- Height: 1.6-1.7 m
- Weight: Around 169 kg
- Life Span: 35-40 years
- Habitats: Tropical forests of West Africa
- Fun Facts: You can tell the difference between the male and female gorilla species from their color.
Like monkeys, their arms are longer than their hind limbs. Gorillas eat shoots, leaves, fruits, and vines.
They are predominantly herbivores and are found in central and east Africa. These animals experience emotions such as happiness which is expressed through laughter and sadness just like humans.
This is why they are considered as one of the closest living relatives of the human species. You can tell the difference between the male and female gorilla species from their color.
The males are commonly referred to as silverbacks because they have silver hair on their backs.
Additionally, these animals also have a distinct appearance depending on their subspecies and habitats. The western ones tend to have a brownish gray color while the black coat gorillas are native to mountain areas.
9. Guppy Fish
Guppy fish are some of the most popular aquarium fish in the world. They are relatively easy to take care of.
Guppy Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Poecilia reticulate
- Size: 2-6 cm
- Average Lifespan: 2 years
- Color: Mix of Blue, white, black, green, orange, violet and many more
- Habitats: Freshwater
- Fun Facts: Guppy Fish are also called Rainbow fish because of their different body and fins color.
Additionally, they are extremely colorful and are therefore easy to watch in an aquarium. However, these fish still need proper care if you are going to keep them in an aquarium.
The guppy fish diet is made up of lettuce, spinach, dried foods, mosquito larvae or bloodworms. These fish can eat almost anything but this should not translate into low quality foods.
Having a poor diet often reduces the lifespan of a fish and can even affect their health negatively. You can tell the male and female guppy fish apart by their colors.
The females are often a grayish color while the males are more colorful. The females can give birth to 4 to 60 guppy fry in a month.
The fry is born free swimming at birth. They are often considered food by other fish including the guppy parents so they should be secured if you want them to live.
10. Guinea Fowls
Guinea fowls are not chicken. You can keep them for meat and eggs but they are not like your typical chicken.
Guinea Fowls Quick Facts
- Scientific Name: Numididae
- Weight: 1.31 kg
- Height: 1.7 to 2.3 ft
- Average Lifespan: 10-15 years
- Color: Mix of Lavender, pearl grey, white, chocolate, powder blue, brown
- Habitats: Savanna or Semi deserts and Forests
- Fun Facts: Their eggs are also known to have various nutrients so the birds can be reared for all these benefits.
You would have to clip their wings if you do not want them to fly about and roam as they please. These animals are not domesticated and it takes some time to do so.
Guinea fowls are great to have around because they eat bugs. If you have a problem with bugs such as ticks, these birds are perfect.
They roam throughout the compound and peck out these bugs. You can consider them as nature’s pest control experts.
They also act as ‘watchdogs’ and alert you in case there are intruders. Guinea fowls are tasty if you are into the meat.
Their eggs are also known to have various nutrients so the birds can be reared for all these benefits.
These fowls can be very dominant so it will take some time for other birds in your coup to get used to them and vice versa.